Understanding Arguments with Jon Clarkson

In this study skills lesson, we started off by reading articles and looked at what the arguments were.

We went through 3 different articles and deconstructed them in terms of their story, source, language, the perspective of the journalist.

An argument – is an attempt to persuade.


After going over the definitions of arguments and claims, we went back to the articles that we read. Analysing the claims and arguments that were made, including their implications and logical fallacies.

The separate arguments were set out
This made the breaking down of the structure a lot easier to understand and analyse.


Some notes towards constellation

DEFINITION: prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion.

The grid

The baby cage consists of a diagonal grid – this makes it intimidating and scary for the child. That’s controversial because its putting them in an uncomfortable position and its similar treatment to an animal/prisoner.

Its intimating because….

Mona Hatoum (artist) shadows of lines creates a creepy space


It was ok then because they didn’t have as many rules as us now, Health and Safety, but also moral rules,

Would they have put these in affluent areas, would rich people have put thier kids in them….Would rich people have needed them as they had gardens.

Research Michael Jackson holding his baby over balcony in LOndon about 10 years ago , and the reaction.

Are these cages actually good though, were there ever any deaths? Did it give fresh air? Could this fresh air have been acheived just by opening a window, what was the benifit, Its nothing like a substitute for a garden.

It was seen as a good idea- because it gave the child air and sunlight! And gave the family space

People have flats these days, may not have gardens – doesn’t mean we’re gonna put our children in a wall mounted cage.

Having a lack of space doesn’t justify putting them outside in a cage

Presumably it was safe, and so they didn’t see it as a dangerous thing

Social times have changed which means that somethings that we do today would have been controversial then, it doesn’t mean that it is wrong to do those things. It just means that we accept or disagree with different things.

It was the fashion- it was seen as a very smart thing to do


Its treating the baby like an animal – putting it in a cage

And outside

Links to plastic surgery de huminising which is also controversial


Babys life in the hands of screws

Open to everything outside – the weather, the nature, above flats

However there were some health benefits – it did give the baby fresh air and sunlight. It was a crowded city and so it would be difficult and therefore parents didn’t take their babies out much.

Linking with the different social times, straight away for me, would be the media. How women are represented is a big one!

Another study skills down


This lesson was teaching us about the structure of the essay and also the rules within submission.

What did I get out of it?

Well, although I think this was all very important information – I didn’t learn anything new. It was still a useful study skills session though, because it did refresh my mind.

One thing that I did write down and want to remember was a tip from Morag, that I can use for future references. To use post-it notes in books; including page number, book name, author and the quote I like.

When it comes to referencing in my essays, I will have the Harvard referencing system there to refer to.

Post-perspective with Jon Clarkson

In this lecture, we learnt about the different perspectives within the history of art – from the 1500’s to present day.

It began with Hans Holbein, who started by playing around with perspectives.


His piece called The Ambassadors (1533) included two wealthy looking men – we get this impression by their surroundings and clothing, but also a distorted image of a skull. From viewing the painting front on, you can’t see it is a skull; you have to view it from the side.

We also looked at time and view point perspectives by looking at Eadweard Muybridge, A woman getting into a bed (1887). This piece consists of a series of photos that have been captured chronologically and also at different view points (vertically). The different perspectives gives the viewer more information about it, in this case about a woman getting into a bed, than if it was a single photograph or painting.

A woman getting into a bed (1887)
A woman getting into a bed (1887)

In contrast to Muybridge, Etienne- Jules Marey produced the motion of an action in one photographic plate; The flight of a seagull (1887).


Whether this looks like a bird in flight is debatable, as it is subjective to what a likeness would be.


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My first Study Skills session


In this lesson, I learnt that you can ask a lot more questions about something than I thought. I think, in the past, I would overlook a lot of possible questions because I’d think they were too obvious. However, this lesson pointed out that questioning as much as possible and pushing boundaries is important.

I also learnt about the common abstractions within questioning and relevance, which i found to be very useful.

Although, I didn’t find this lesson particularly thrilling, it was informative and it has helped with my depth of analysis.

Here are my notes:



So far this has been my favourite study skills session; i felt like this would benefit me more than the other sessions, which may have been because I felt like the previous sessions were going over existing knowledge. I also felt like it linked in with the Controversy assignment more obviously than the others, which made me feel a little more confident about making a start to the essay.

We learnt how to use images/ objects in constellation, and how to analyse them. I also learnt about theoretically underpinning ideas, which is basically about providing lots of evidence for your analysis. Before this session, I didn’t realise quite how much evidence we had to show.

We did an exercise where we had to use ‘Caths columns’ to analyse the covers of the Bond films. I found this exercise very useful, because it put what we had just learnt into context. I think I can succesfully analyse an image now, however I’m still slightly unconfident about the change from the columns to the prose in the essay.

I think for my essay, I’m going to do the main body first – using this technique and then go to the Library for the theory aspect. Then, hopefully, I will have more of an idea of what to write in the intro and a clear direction for the rest of the essay.